The Scheme of Kendriya Vidyalayas (Central Schools) was approved in November, 1962 by the Government of India on the recommendations of the second Central Pay Commission. It recommends that the Government should develop a scheme to provide uninterrupted education to the wards of transferable Central Government employees. Consequently, Central School Organization was started as a unit of the Ministry of Education (now Ministry of Human Resource Development) of the Govt. of India.
Initially 20 Regimental Schools, then functioning at places having large concentration of defence personnel, were taken over as Central Schools during the academic year 1963-64.
The Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan was registered as a society under the Societies Registration Act. (XXI of 1860) on 15th December, 1965. The primary aim of the Sangathan is to provide, establish, endow, maintain, control and manage the Central Schools (Kendriya Vidyalayas) located all over India and abroad. The Govt. of India wholly finances the Sangathan. It runs approximately 1173 Kendriya Vidyalayas including three abroad, five Zonal Institutes of Education and Training and twenty five Regional Offices spread across the country